International Peacekeeping Activities (CIPA)

FY2015 Funding Recommendation:  
$2.899 billion

 

Funding History

       Enacted   

       President's FY2015 Request   

       InterAction's FY2015 Recommendation


Justification

 Key Facts

  • UN peacekeepers help provide security, facilitate humanitarian assistance, and promote human rights and good governance for nearly 154 million people around the world.

  • UN peacekeeping missions and the UN Development Program support, on average, one free and fair election somewhere in the world every two weeks.

  • A World Bank study found that in the first three years after a conflict, UN peacekeeping missions have a positive effect on economic growth: national economies in post-conflict countries with peacekeeping missions grow at nearly a 2.4% faster rate than the economies of post-conflict countries without UN missions.

This account funds the United States’ assessed obligations to UN peacekeeping missions, which advance American interests by resolving conflicts, enhancing regional stability, promoting human rights and the protection of civilians, and supporting the consolidation of democratic governance.

Roughly 120,000 UN peacekeepers are deployed in 15 missions on four continents. This is a nearly three-fold increase over the last 10 years, with support from both Republican and Democratic administrations. Admiral Mike Mullen said when he served as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff: “[United Nations] peacekeepers help promote stability and help reduce the risks that major U.S. military interventions may be required to restore stability in a country or region.” Strong U.S. financial support plays a critical role in ensuring these missions are successful and have the resources they need to address complex conflict situations and advance peace around the world.

Overall, peacekeeping has proven to be a successful, cost-efficient way to promote international peace and security. A recent study by researchers in the U.S. and Sweden, for example, found that deploying a sufficiently large force of UN peacekeepers “significantly decreases violence against civilians” in armed conflicts. The Government Accountability Office concluded UN peacekeeping is eight times less expensive than funding a U.S. force, and the Office of Management and Budget gave the CIPA account its highest grade under its Program Assessment Rating Tool, a diagnostic tool that measures the effectiveness of federal programs.  

Success Story:

UN mission in Liberia

What does it take to rebuild a country from scratch? That’s the challenge the UN peacekeeping mission in Liberia (UNMIL) faces on a daily basis. Established in 2003 after years of brutal civil war, UNMIL is today celebrating ten years of peace and security. The road, however, has not always been easy. From 1989-1996 and then again from 1999-2003, Africa’s oldest republic was transformed into a battleground for some of the region’s most brutal armed groups. The conflict killed thousands of people, displaced countless more, and decimated national institutions.

Following an end of hostilities in 2003, UNMIL was established to monitor a ceasefire agreement, promote human rights, and re-establish government institutions. In the ensuing decade, UNMIL has helped this West African nation rebuild its economy, conduct two free and fair democratic elections, and reform and restructure its justice system.

The mission has also helped address sexual and gender-based violence, a lasting effect of the war, through its all-female peacekeeping police force. This force helps train the Liberian National Police to work with families and community leaders to report cases of sexual assault. The peacekeepers are critical to prosecuting perpetrators of sexual assaults because survivors of sexual assault often feel more comfortable reporting the incident to other women. These female peacekeepers can also act as role models, inspiring women and girls to push for their own rights. In addition, this deployment has encouraged more women in Liberia to join the police force where women currently constitute about 14% of the force, a higher percentage than most nations.

Critical tasks lie ahead for Liberia, but UNMIL is a prime example of what the U.S. and UN, working together, can achieve with a modest investment and long-term coordination. 

Photo Credit: Better World Campaign

 

Choose to Invest:   2018  |  2017  |  2016  |  2015  |  2014  |  2013  |  2012