International Organizations & Programs

FY2017 Funding Recommendation:  
$381.5 million

 

Funding History

       Enacted   

       President's FY2017 Request   

       InterAction's FY2017 Recommendation


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Justification

 Key Facts

  • In partnership with the U.S. government, and with strong U.S. support, UNICEF helped cut the number of under-five child deaths to 5.9 million in 2014, a 53% drop since 1990. 

  • UNFPA and its partners have helped reduce the annual number of maternal deaths by 44% between 1990 and 2015. In 2015, 61% of all maternal deaths took place in 35 countries affected by humanitarian crises or fragile conditions.

  • In 2013, OCHA coordinated $5.4 billion in humanitarian funding, implemented by 647 partners around the world.

The International Organizations and Programs (IOP) account funds U.S. voluntary contributions1 to the budgets of numerous international organizations.  Maintaining U.S. investment in these organizations advances U.S. strategic and development goals across a broad spectrum of critical areas, and allows the U.S. to work with other countries to address problems that benefit from international coordination.

Through this account, the U.S. government supports agencies that partner with the United States and leverages other resources to reduce poverty, promote global health, strengthen democracy and governance, promote human rights, and respond to humanitarian crises. Some examples of how U.S. IOP funding supports multilateral efforts include:

  • The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) acts as a global champion for children, and works to ensure the survival and well-being of children worldwide.  UNICEF is a global partner in U.S.-supported efforts to eradicate polio and measles, immunize children, promote girls’ education, prevent mother-to-child HIV/AIDS transmission, improve nutrition, and protect children from violence, abuse, and exploitation.  Request:  $132.5 million.

  • The UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) coordinates international responses to humanitarian crises to better provide assistance to survivors.  Request: $2.7 million.

  • The UN Development Program (UNDP) is the UN’s primary development agency. Its programs combat poverty, promote democracy and rule of law, protect the environment, and support crisis prevention and recovery.  Request: $80 million.

  • UN Women promotes economic empowerment and women’s full participation in a country’s political system. The U.S. helped foster the reforms that created UN Women, and U.S. leadership on the organization’s executive board is necessary to promote gender equality around the world.  Request: $17.7 million.

  • The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) supports a range of programs in more than 150 countries, including voluntary family planning information and services, training and deployment of skilled birth attendants and midwives, and work to end the harmful practices of child marriage and female genital mutilation. UNFPA is also the largest global provider of maternal and child health care in humanitarian emergencies. Request: $65 million.

  • The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change is a key component of the Global Climate Change Initiative. U.S. participation and support help ensure countries meet commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, promote transparency, and disseminate clean energy technologies.  Request: $10 million.

Success Story

Ensuring Access to Education for Syrian Children

In Turkey, despite the country’s generosity, more than 400,000 Syrian refugee children are not going to school; most of those children live outside refugee camps and lack educational opportunities. Education is one of the most critical interventions to prevent the loss of a generation of Syrian children – it is critical to their futures, reduces the risk of military recruitment by armed groups, increases their earning potential, and better equips them to deal with their displacement.

IO&P account funding ensures that UNICEF has the presence and capacity to partner with the United States in responding to humanitarian crises. This funding supports UNICEF’s office in Turkey, which is working with the Turkish government to find ways to provide quality education for Syrian refugee children.  Moreover, the U.S. government provides humanitarian funding to UNICEF (through the Migration and Refugee Assistance account) to build schools, support school faculty, and provide supplies to Turkish schools that grant access to Syrian refugees.

Photo: UNICEF/Turkey-2014/Jansen

 

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