Mechanism for Peace Operations Response (MPOR)

FY2017 Funding Recommendation:  
$150 million

 

Funding History

       Enacted   

       President's FY2017 Request   

       InterAction's FY2017 Recommendation

*This is a new program request. 


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Justification

 Key Facts

  • Global demand for UN peacekeepers has grown significantly over the last decade. There are currently more than 125,000 personnel deployed to 16 UN peacekeeping missions, representing a 52% increase in the number of uniformed personnel serving in the field since December 2005.

  • In light of this continuing growth in demand for peacekeepers, it is conceivable that the UN Security Council could eventually authorize new missions in other countries, such as Burundi, Yemen, or even Syria and Ukraine. Given the prevailing uncertainties currently facing international security, the U.S. needs the budgetary flexibility provided by initiatives like the MPOR more than ever.

The Mechanism for Peace Operations Response (MPOR) – originally proposed by the president in his FY2016 and FY2015 budget requests, but not yet acted upon by Congress – would fund unanticipated peacekeeping needs, including both new and expanded operations by UN or non-UN forces. This would be in addition to funding provided in traditional peacekeeping accounts: Peacekeeping Operations (PKO) and Contributions to International Peacekeeping Activities (CIPA).

Crises can arise at any time, without regard to the U.S. budget cycle. For example, in Burundi, growing violence is causing U.S. and world leaders to call for a multilateral peace operation. However, because an operation has not yet been authorized by the UN Security Council, the president’s 2017 budget does not request any funding for it. Given the tragic and rapidly deteriorating security situation in country, there is a significant possibility the Security Council will act soon, necessitating FY2017 funding.

Examples from prior years also demonstrate the need for this type of mechanism:

  • In 2013, the president’s budget did not include a request for the Mali mission (MINUSMA), which negatively impacted Congress’ ability to fund MINUSMA in the FY2014 Omnibus.
  • In 2014, the President did not include additional funding for the Central African Republic (CAR) peacekeeping mission in his original request because the mission was not authorized at the time of the budget release; funding for the CAR mission had to be included in a later Overseas Contingency Operations budget amendment.

The MPOR can be an effective way to deal with the budgetary challenges created by crises or unexpected scenarios that require new peacekeeping missions or the expansion of existing ones – operations which are manifestly in U.S. national security interests. It would provide the United States with the flexibility to respond quickly – ensuring that these operations are funded even if they were unanticipated at the time of the President’s budget – without undermining other critical areas of demonstrated need.  

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