International Organizations & Programs

FY2018 Funding Recommendation:  
$384.5 million

 

Funding History

       Enacted   

       House/Senate FY2017 Request   

       InterAction's FY2018 Recommendation


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Justification

 Key Facts

  • In partnership with the U.S. Government, and with strong U.S. support, UNICEF helped cut the number of under-five child deaths from 12 million a year in 1990, to 5.9 million in 2015, a 53 percent drop. 

  • UNFPA and its partners have helped reduce the annual number of maternal deaths 44% between 1990 and 2015. In 2015, 61 per cent of all maternal deaths took place in 35 countries that are affected by humanitarian crises or fragile conditions.

  • In 2015, OCHA galvanized $9.9 billion for humanitarian response in 38 countries, including $800 million for pooled funds to fill response gaps in neglected or underfunded emergencies.

The International Organizations and Programs (IOP) account funds U.S. voluntary contributions1 to the budgets of important international organizations and specialized agencies.  Maintaining U.S. investment in these organizations advances U.S. strategic, development and humanitarian goals across a broad spectrum of critical areas, and allows the U.S. to work with other countries to address problems that benefit from international coordination.  

Through this account, the U.S. Government supports agencies that partner with the United States and leverage other resources to reduce poverty, promote global health, strengthen democracy and governance, promote human rights, and respond to humanitarian crises, such as:

  • The United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) acts as a global champion for children, and works to ensure the survival and well-being of children worldwide.  UNICEF is a global partner in U.S.-supported efforts to eradicate polio and measles, immunize children, promote girls’ education, prevent mother-to-child HIV/AIDS transmission, improve nutrition, and protect children from violence, abuse, and exploitation.  FY 2018 request: $132.5 million.
  • The UN Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) coordinates international responses to humanitarian crises to better provide assistance to people affected by natural disasters and conflicts. OCHA underpins humanitarian responses globally by providing predictable information management, financing, coordination and leadership support for UN, NGO, host governments and donors alike. FY 2018 request: $2.7 million.
  • The UN Population Fund (UNFPA) supports a range of programs and activities in more than 150 countries, including the provision of voluntary family planning information and services, the training and deployment of skilled birth attendants and midwives, and work to end the harmful practices of child marriage and female genital mutilation.  UNFPA is also the largest global provider of maternal and child health care in humanitarian emergencies.  FY 2018 request:  $78 million.
 

1“Voluntary” contributions differ from “assessed” contributions, which are requested by the United Nations and some of its agencies based the size of a country’s economy.  Assessed contributions are included in the “Contributions to International Organizations” account.

Success Story

Ensuring Access to Education for Syrian Children

In Turkey, despite the country’s generosity, more than 400,000 Syrian refugee children are not going to school; most of those children live outside refugee camps and lack educational opportunities. Education is one of the most critical interventions to prevent the loss of a generation of Syrian children – it is critical to their futures, reduces the risk of military recruitment by armed groups, increases their earning potential, and better equips them to deal with their displacement.

IO&P account funding ensures that UNICEF has the presence and capacity to partner with the United States in responding to humanitarian crises. This funding supports UNICEF’s office in Turkey, which is working with the Turkish government to find ways to provide quality education for Syrian refugee children.  Moreover, the U.S. government provides humanitarian funding to UNICEF (through the Migration and Refugee Assistance account) to build schools, support school faculty, and provide supplies to Turkish schools that grant access to Syrian refugees.

Photo: UNICEF/Turkey-2014/Jansen

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