Biodiversity in all accounts

$269 million*

Minimum Requirement for American Leadership

By protecting some of the world’s most threatened natural landscapes, USAID biodiversity programs help ensure the livelihoods of millions of people who directly depend on natural resources for their survival and economic growth.

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Justification for Funding

  • In 2015, USAID projects in approximately 40 countries supported governments in the operation of national parks and reserves; helped communities gain capacity and rights to manage and benefit from forests, wildlife, and fisheries; and supported strategic efforts to stop wildlife crime by protecting wildlife, stopping transit routes, and decreasing demand.
  • Conserving nature helps meet society’s growing needs by providing clean drinking water, food, storm protection, and livelihoods. 
  • USAID biodiversity programs are safeguarding coral reefs, mangroves, and fisheries in the Caribbean, which are vital for livelihoods and food security in vulnerable coastal communities.   
  • By addressing corruption associated with wildlife trafficking, and maintaining and restoring natural resources that supply fertile soil, clean water, food, and medicine, USAID’s biodiversity programs help reduce conflict over resource scarcity, and improve stability and economic prospects for key trading partners.

Cost of Cuts Below $269 Million

President and Congress Budget Comparison

       Congressional Budget   

       President's Budget Request (Base + OCO)

  • Reduced investment from the U.S. in international conservation could result in decreased ability to meet our national and economic security objectives due to scarcity and degradation of the natural resources necessary to secure sustainable livelihoods, political stability and good governance in difficult regions of the world. 
  • For example, according to a 2009 UNEP report, 40% of intrastate conflicts within the past 60 years have been strongly linked to natural resources and competition over natural resources, resulting in flows of displaced persons and national and regional instabilities.


$269 million

Opportunity to Catalyze American Leadership


Justification for Full Funding

  • Demand for food and water is expected to double globally in the next 30 years. Demand for energy is also rising at rapid rates.
  • Small investments in biodiversity have a wider impact. An investment of only $300,000 in a USAID public-private collaboration to conserve forests in Colombia’s East Cauca Valley watershed secured clean water for 900,000 people.
  • In just one year, an investment by USAID Tanzania trained over 500 women and 350 youth on natural resource governance, leading to a Women Rights Leadership Forum in 12 villages.
  • With support from USAID, the proportion of illegally killed elephants declined by 53% in 4 years, from 81% in 2012 to 38% in 2015. Despite these successes illegal wildlife poaching continues to be a security threat.
  • U.S. investment in international conservation promote our national and economic security by supporting sustainable livelihoods, political stability and good governance in difficult regions. of the world.

Impact of Full Funding

$8.9 trillion
in global economic activity per year could be protected through source water conservation.

  • With U.S. leadership, we will be able to protect land and water, encourage sustainable development, and create sustainable supplies of food and water. We will reduce negative environmental impacts while promoting sustainable economic growth.
  • We will demonstrate how green infrastructure, such as planting trees, can address growing urban challenges, including storm-water run-off and air pollution, and also protect vulnerable coastal communities from natural disasters. 

*Enacted FY18 Omnibus Appropriation

For more information, please contact: Lindsey Doyle,

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