Contributions to International Peacekeeping Activities

$1.9 billion*

Minimum Requirement for American Leadership

 
The Contributions for International Peacekeeping Activities (CIPA) account funds the United States’ assessed contributions to UN peacekeeping missions.

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Justification for Funding

  • There are currently over 106,000 UN peacekeepers – soldiers, police and civilians – serving on 15 peacekeeping missions across three continents.
  • UN peacekeeping operations advance American interests by stabilizing conflict zones, protecting civilians from violence, facilitating delivery of humanitarian aid, disarming and reintegrating former combatants, training local police forces to ensure law and order, and supporting free and fair elections and peaceful transitions of power.
  • UN peacekeeping missions are extremely cost-effective. A February 2018 GAO analysis found that the cost to American taxpayers of financing a UN peacekeeping mission is eight times cheaper than deploying a comparable U.S. force.
  • UN peacekeeping operations are a prime example of global burden-sharing. While the U.S. is the largest financial contributor, as a permanent member of the Security Council, the U.S. also has veto power over all UN peacekeeping missions. 

Cost of Cuts Below $1.9 Billion

President and Congress Budget Comparison

       Congressional Budget   

       President's Budget Request (Base + OCO)

  • Due to Congress’s decision in FY17 to maintain a 25% cap on U.S. contributions to UN peacekeeping operations, the U.S. is already in arrears on its peacekeeping dues. The $1.9 billion figure would not allow the U.S. to pay prior year shortfalls in FY17&18. 
  • Failing to pay our peacekeeping assessments in-full withholds financial reimbursement to countries who contribute the bulk of troops thereby weakening the missions as the Troop Contributing Countries have fewer resources for training, equipment, and patrolling. 
  • By causing the U.S. to accumulate arrears, it puts American taxpayers on the hook for back dues for years to come. Unilaterally reducing U.S. funding for peacekeeping also undermines our ability to push for new reforms at the UN, a stated priority of the Trump Administration.

 

$2.4 billion

Opportunity to Catalyze American Leadership

 

Justification for Additional Funding

  • In South Sudan, UN forces are protecting more than 200,000 civilians who have fled a devastating civil war and sought refuge at UN bases.
  • In Mali, peacekeepers working to secure the country’s vast northern region have increasingly come under threat from armed extremist groups, including a regional affiliate of al-Qaeda, with more than 158 UN personnel killed in attacks.
  • UN peacekeepers are also working to neutralize armed groups that target civilians in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, a country that is witnessing renewed political upheaval and where nearly 13 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance.

Impact of 35% More Funding

$7.3 billion
Is the entire UN peacekeeping budget, which represents 0.5% of global military spending.

  • Funding at this level will allow the United States to pay its FY19 peacekeeping dues in full and pay back $505 million in cap-related arrears accrued in FY17 and FY18.
  • This funding will promote civilian protection: a 2013 study by researchers in the U.S. and Sweden found that deploying a sufficiently large force of UN peacekeepers dramatically reduces civilian killings in armed conflicts.
  • UN peacekeepers have been able to claim noteworthy achievements in recent years. Long-running UN missions in Liberia (UNMIL) and Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) have played a crucial role in fostering stability, facilitating free and fair elections, and creating conditions allowing hundreds of thousands of civilians displaced by conflict to return home. This has allowed these two missions to close by March 2018.

*Assessed contribution of 25% of UN peacekeeping activities

For more information, please contact: Tom Buttry, tbuttry@interaction.org

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