Title II Food for Peace - USAID

$1.7 billion*

Minimum Requirement for American Leadership

The Title II Food for Peace program provides emergency food assistance, primarily through in-kind food distribution, to communities impacted by conflict and by natural disasters like droughts and floods. The program also supports multi-year, multi-sectoral development programming that targets the most vulnerable communities and address root causes of hunger.

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Justification for Funding

  • Food for Peace provides emergency in-kind food donations to countries in need, as well as cash and vouchers where this type of aid is most effective.  For example, in FY2017, over 810,000 metric tons of food was provided to the four countries that were on the brink of famine - Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen. 
  • Food for Peace Development Food Security Activities are a central component of the Global Food Security Strategy’s efforts to address extreme poverty and have helped poor communities restore degraded landscapes which recharge local aquifers, and improve soil quality through new farming practices. They are also the second-largest source of global maternal and child nutrition investments from the U.S. government, and focus on supporting vulnerable communities and households improve livelihoods and develop markets.

Cost of Cuts Below $1.7 Billion

President and Congress Budget Comparison

       Congressional Budget   

       President's Budget Request (Base + OCO)

  • Cuts in Food for Peace resources would reduce stability in regions that rely on food aid support, including the Middle East, the Sahel and the Horn of Africa, all of which could impact United States interests in these regions.
  • In 2018, 13 countries are expected to have more than one million people in crisis and in need of emergency assistance. Food provided through Food for Peace directly address these needs and keeps many regions from slipping deeper into food insecurity or crisis.
  • For countries most at risk of famine, including Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia, and Yemen, the food provided through Food for Peace plays a critical role in abating a recurrence of this kind of tragedy. When the last major wide scale famine hit Somalia in 2011, and resulted in 285,000 people dying, mainly women and children.


$1.9 billion

Opportunity to Catalyze American Leadership


Justification for Additional Funding

  • The Famine Early Warning System forecast has estimated that in 2018, 76 million people will need emergency food assistance in 45 countries around the world. They also noted that Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Yemen are again under threat of famine in the absence of assistance. 
  • In FY17, Congress passed a supplemental funding bill amounting to nearly $1 billion, $300 million of which was used to increase Food for Peace resources to a total of $1.9 billion.
  • Past administration proposals that allow greater flexibility to use both cash and commodity assistance would allow the U.S. to reach an additional 2-4 million people at no additional cost to taxpayers.

Impact of 19% More Funding

1.7 million metric tons of food provided by Food for Peace to 41 million people in 38 countries.

  • Additional funding in FY17 was instrumental in responding to increased needs in four countries threatened by famine, and other surrounding countries; these needs have only increased since then and this additional funding will be used to maintain U.S. response in these countries. With even more communities in need, additional resources are needed in 2018.

*Enacted FY18 Omnibus Appropriation

For more information, please contact: Sara Nitz, snitz@interaction.org

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