Trapped in Conflict: Evaluating Scenarios to Assist At-Risk Civilians

An International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and InterAction Roundtable July 2015

A closed-door roundtable convened on 24 April 2015 brought together U.S. policymakers, humanitarian actors, and other stakeholders to discuss options for assisting civilians trapped in the midst of hostilities, cut off from essential aid, or facing imminent or ongoing risk of targeted attacks, with a view to enrich ongoing policy discussions in the U.S. and in international forums. In these circumstances, various forms of “intervention” – including evacuations, ceasefires, safe havens, buffer zones, and no-fly zones – are contemplated. Such measures may be based on the consent of the parties to the conflict or – absent consent – be militarily-enforced.