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Guest Blog: Two New Data Tools for the Open Ag Sector

By Laia Griñó, Director of data discovery at Foundation Center

You work at a foundation, government agency, or nonprofit committed to reducing poverty and hunger. Recognizing the importance of agriculture for achieving this goal, you've decided to focus on improving the lives of smallholder farmers, who represent a significant portion of those living on less than $2 a day. You know which regions you want to work in, and now you're trying to determine which value chains you should invest in to create the greatest impact. As part of the Initiative for Open Ag Funding, Foundation Center has two new tools to help you answer that question.

First, an acknowledgment: such a decision requires an analysis of many, many data points. Among the factors to consider are: Which crops are produced by smallholder farmers? Which of those crops have the most potential to increase farmers' income? What does the market for these crops look like? What is the potential for significant productivity gains? Is there the infrastructure needed to get these goods to market? Who else is investing in these particular value chains?

The Initiative for Open Ag Funding focuses on this last question: Who is doing what, where, with whom, and to what effect? And rather than reinvent the wheel, the initiative uses the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) data standard as its starting point. IATI aims to improve the transparency of international development and humanitarian resources and activities and has been widely adopted by bilateral and multilateral donors as well as many other organizations. To date, two of Foundation Center's major contributions have been: 1) filling a gap in IATI data; and 2) developing a tool to enrich that data so it better meets the needs of the agriculture sector.

Shedding Light on Foundation Funding for Agriculture

Foundation Center has been collecting and sharing data on foundations' grantmaking for decades. This data has been used to ground philanthropy research, inform grant prospecting, and foster collaboration. Given our comprehensive data on foundation grants and the fact that few foundations have published their data to IATI, we have opened our data on funding for international agriculture and food security activities. This data represents $4.3 billion worth of grants from nearly 1,900 funders to more than 3,000 organizations around the world. In addition to posting the data on the IATI Registry,* we've also made it accessible through a new and publicly available Open Agriculture Data map.


Making IATI Data More Relevant for Agriculture

At the moment, most data published to IATI is coded with OECD DAC purpose codes or the organization's own subject taxonomy. Early conversations with agricultural practitioners revealed, however, that these categories are not granular enough. In response, we developed an open source agriculture autocoder for the Food and Agriculture Organization's (FAO) AGROVOC thesaurus. Enter a project title, description, or any other text and, using machine learning, the OpenAgClassifier will return codes for terms such as rice or bananas or goats. (You can learn more about our approach to open source in this blog post by my colleague, Dave Hollander.) As a result, what would have been a time-consuming and probably manual process of identifying who is working in, say, the rice value chain is now much faster and easier.

Foundation Center and the Open Ag Funding team know that data and tools alone won't lead to smarter investments or more collaboration. Our goal is simply to give organizations a better starting point for making decisions about where and how to direct their resources. Given the progress of the open data movement, a lack of data or good tools shouldn't be a major reason why organizations duplicate efforts, why Organization A didn't know to go to Organization B to learn more about their approach, or why an organization really making a difference is invisible to those that have the means to support it. Our hope is that by putting the right data and tools at their disposal, we can make it easier for organizations to focus on the harder things about getting development right.

(*Note: To avoid duplication of data on the IATI Registry, we have removed funders already publishing to IATI from our IATI data.)

For more posts in the FC Insight series, click here.


Org-id.guide Now Live!

Org-id.guide is the easiest, quickest and most accurate way to locate organization identifiers.

The project allows open data publishers to uniquely and unambiguously identify any organization in the world by maintaining a register of organization lists. Those lists, in turn, provide unique identifiers for companies, charities, government agencies and other kinds of organizations. These unique identifiers help data users to find partners, improve collaboration and gain a better understanding of who is doing what, where and to what effect. Until now, no such list has existed, making the identification of organizations difficult and often inaccurate.

With guidance and funding from InterAction through Initiative for Open Ag Funding, the multi-partner project brings the open data community one step closer to the comprehensive data needed to improve the effectiveness of international development aid.

 “Org-id.guide is a really clever way to avoid adding to an ever growing list of standards and code lists by building on what already exists and making unique organization identifications easier to find and use. That said, it immediately inherits all the shortcomings of the component lists and systems, hence the importance of the community governance structure and advocating for more open, better managed government registers and other third-party sources." – Reid Porter, Director of Open Data and Transparency

Nevertheless, there is more work to be done to improve this identification process, as a number of challenges remain and further testing is needed.  

Org-id.guide is maintained by Open Data Services Co-operative for a group of partners including the Initiative for Open Ag Funding, Joined Up Data Standards, the International Aid Transparency Initiative, Natural Resource Governance Institute, 360Giving and the Open Contracting Partnership. The project to create org-id.guide was launched at the 2016 International Open Data Conference.